The feat of teleporting quantum information has been achieved by scientists from Japan within a diamond. Their research is a vital step in the field of quantum information technology.
An engineering professor at Yokohama National University, Hideo Kosaka was the one leading the research. He explained that the main aim was to get data where it does not typically go.
He shared that the Quantum teleportation allows the transfer of quantum info into an otherwise non-accessible space. It also allows the transfer of info into a quantum memory without unveiling or damaging the stored quantum information.
The non-accessible space explored in the research was the lattice of carbon atoms in a diamond. The strength of the structure originates from the organization of diamond which has 6 protons and 6 neutrons in the nucleus, with 6 revolving electrons around it. As they connect to the diamond, the atoms develop a super-strong lattice.
For the experimentation, Kosaka along with his team concentrated on defects that sometimes arise in diamonds, when a nitrogen atom appears in positions that would normally house carbon atoms.
team of Kosaka employed an electron and a carbon isotope in such a position by running a microwave, as well as a radio wave into the diamond by means of a very thin wire which was 1/4th the width of a human hair. The wire was attached with the diamond, creating an oscillating magnetic field.
Microwaves which were sent to the diamond were controlled by the scientists to transfer information within. Specifically, they used a nitrogen nanomagnet for the transfer of the polarization state of a photon to a carbon atom, successfully achieving teleportation.
The achievement could prove fundamental in the quest for novel and better ways to store, as well as, share sensitive information, with previous studies showing diamonds could house giant amounts of encrypted data.