Wheat Plants Fighting Fungi Infection Through Enzymes

Fungi affecting humans is a very serious condition that leads to death of cells. This is a crucial case, as fungus infections can easily spread through the human body. This has inspired researchers and scientists to research and find solution for the matter in hand. I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, based in Russia started to approach the matter with a new direction. They studied the reaction of wheat plants to cells damaged by pathogenic fungi.

It was important to understand how the wheat plant will react with the cell in terms of the enzymes involved for the destruction. Unexpectedly, they have discovered that certain plants are immune to pathogenic fungi due to a certain enzyme they possess. These enzymes contain proteases which is the substance in the DNA responsible for protein breakdown; in this case the fungi removed. These results can be found published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences.

This study is complicated and hard to be specified for the science world due to the fact that wheat plants are polyploid. This resembles that each cell in the plant has a many different chromosomes which makes studying their reaction hard and inaccurate.

The author of the article, Professor Andrey Zamyatnin, who is also the Director of the Institute of Molecular Medicine in the University, stated, “We have discovered above all that activation of proteases found in infected plants does not involve enzymes with caspase-like or metacaspase-like activities.”